AL-TALAQ(the divorce),chapter 65:1 begins as:
“O Prophet! When you DIVORCE women, divorce them at their prescribed periods, and count (accurately), their prescribed periods.”
65:4:”And for such of your WOMEN( in Arabic,NISA) as despair of menstruation, if you doubt, their period (of waiting) will be three months, and for those who have NOT had their MENSTRUATION.”
SURA tells us 65:4 refers to wives who have not menstruated,who you will divorce.
USE OF WORD NISA
It means WOMEN in Arabic.Some Muslims say that excludes that “those who have NOT had menstruation” means PRE-PUBERTY wives.There are problems:
1.The word WOMAN in other languages is used to mean WIFE depending on CONTEXT.French and Spanish have a general word for human female(FEMME/ MUJER) and a specific one for a WIFE(EPOUSE/ ESPOSA).In practice FEMME/MUJER(in Spain,not in Latinamerica)are used as the equivalent of WIFE.”Elle est ma FEMME”/”Ella es mi MUJER” always means “She is my WIFE” unless the CONTEXT says she is your unwed lover.
2.If the man has a PRE-PUBERTY wife,the phrases “Elle est ma FEMME”/”Ella es mi MUJER” are STILL used.Everybody knows the wife is a child but uses it anyway.
A number of perfect speakers of ARABIC have known that NISA means WOMEN yet have said it applies to PRE-MENSTRUATION wives anyway.Obviously Arabic for WOMAN didn’t 100% apply to ADULT WOMEN when the CONTEXT said WOMAN was the equivalent of WIFE.In Arabic the specific word for WIFE is ZAWAJA,yet it’s obvious by the context of the Koran that “women” here means “wives” otherwise how are you going to DIVORCE them?
IBN KATHIR(1301-1373)(born in Syria)
He was the greatest Muslim commentator on the Koran.He wrote a book of commentary/interpretation of it.Muslims call such a book a TAFSIR.TAFSIR IBN KATHIR says in the FIRST paragraph on 65:4:
“Allah the Exalted clarifies the waiting period of the woman in menopause. And that is the one whose menstruation has stopped due to her older age. Her `Iddah is three months instead of the three monthly cycles for those who menstruate, which is based upon the Ayah in (Surat) Al-Baqarah. [see 2:228] The SAME for the YOUNG, who have NOT REACHED reached the years of MENSTRUATION.”
Tafsir al-Jalalayn is one of the most significant tafsirs for the study of the Koran. Composed by the two JALALS, Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli (d.1459) and his pupil Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (d.1505), Tafsir al-Jalalayn is generally regarded as one of the most easily accessible works because of its simple style and one volume length.
In the FIRST paragraph on 65:4 we have:
“And [as for] those of your women who (read allā’ī or allā’i in both instances) no longer expect to menstruate, if you have any doubts, about their waiting period, their prescribed [waiting] period shall be three months, and [also for] those WHO have NOT yet MENSTRUATED, BECAUSE of their YOUNG AGE, their period shall [also] be three months.”
TAFSIR IBN ABBAS
Some attribute this to IBN ABBAS,a cousin of Mohammed(died 687 AD),others to another who lived in the 15th century.
Here on 65:4 it says that “those who have NOT menstruated” means PRE-PUBERTY girls.
TAFSIR AL-TABARI (838-923)another great commentator,a Sunni Persian.He also says 65:4 means wifes who have not YET menstruated.