In Isaiah 9 we have a prophecy.The JEWISH interpretation is that it is about king HEZEKIAH,who was the greatest Jewish king after David and Solomon.When Solomon died the kingdom was split in two:the KINGDOM of ISRAEL in the north,with 10 tribes and Samaria as its capital,and the KINGDOM of JUDAH in the south,with Jerusalem as its capital.The Kingdom of Israel was conquered by the Assyrian Empire in 722 BC,while the other one was conquered by the Babylonians in 586 BC,and Jerusalem and the first Temple of Jerusalem were destroyed.
THe Kingdom of ISRAEL(not Judah) was made up of the region of GALILEE in the north,which is next to Lebanon,and the region later known as Samaria,where the Samaritans lived.
” Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed,as when at first He lightly esteemed the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward more heavily oppressed her. By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, in GALILEE of the Gentiles the people who walked in darkness HAVE SEEN a GREAT LIGHT;
Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, upon them a LIGHT has shined.
You have multiplied the nation and increased its joy;they rejoice before You according to the joy of harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For You have broken the yoke of his burden and the staff of his shoulder, The rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. For every warrior’s sandal from the noisy battle, and garments rolled in blood, will be used for burning and fuel of fire.
For to us a Child is born, to us a SON is given;and the government will be upon His shoulder and His name will be called:Wonderful Counselor,Mighty God,Everlasting Father,Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of HIS GOVERNMENT and PEACE there will be NO END, upon the THRONE of DAVID and over His kingdom, to order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward FOREVER. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. ”
JEWISH POSITION:it’s about KING HEZEKIAH
HEZEKIAH was a great king and he ruled over the Kingdom of JUDAH as a man of God from 715 till 687 BC.Notice that when he BEGAN ruling the Kingdom of Israel(which included GALILEE) had already been conquered in 722 BC. Hezekiah NEVER ruled over GALILEE,he had no connection with it.Isaiah 9 talks of a great saint appearing in GALILEE.
HIS RULED ENDED
Also we have the phrases “no end” regarding his rule and peace,”throne of David” which means a Jewish king( like the Messiah is supposed to be) and “forever”. Hezekiah’s rule came to an end,it didn’t last forever.There is a rabbinic argument which is so-so that it does not really mean forever,but that is what the text says literally.The only Jewish king who is supposed to rule forever is the Messiah.
COULD IT BE ABOUT JESUS?
We know Jesus began his 3 year career,very short as prophets go,in GALILEE.He had lived most of his life in NAZARETH,which is in GALILEE.
It says:” For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given;and the government will be upon His shoulder and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. ”
They say Jesus has NEVER been given the title Eternal Father nor Wonderful Counselor,though he has been called God. He has been given the title “Prince of Peace”.It is true that in the OT God is given the title FATHER about 15 times,but Christians have never called Jesus that(Father).When a Christian says Father he means God the Father, the first person of the Trinity.So the Muslims say ISAIAH 9 can NOT refer to Jesus.
IT SEEMS TO MAKE REFERENCE TO THE TRINITY
Notice we have 4 titles:
4.Prince of Peace.
God the HOLY SPIRIT has the function of giving SPIRITUAL STRENGTH and WISDOM,so he would merit the title WONDERFUL COUNSELOR. And the we have God the Father(Eternal Father) and Jesus(Prince of Peace),plus the general title of Mighty God.
That’s why it says:
“Now when he heard that John had been arrested,he withdrew into Galilee.And leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali,so that what was spoken by the prophet ISAIAH might be fulfilled:
“The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles,the people dwelling in darkness have seen a great light,and for those dwelling in the region and(J) shadow of death,on them a light has dawned.”